Spine of Book   BOOK OF HOURS AT   Spine of Book

HOME Images Book of Hours Comparisons Les Très Riches Heures
Book Production Paintings Book Market & Preservation Acknowledgements Citations and References


Citations and References Page

Note: Broken links to web sites have been removed.


Click on the web addresses below to link to other sites that include information on books of hours. Also note that some sites fit more than one category, but are only listed under one category.

College and University Sites

“Bibliotheca Schoenbergensis: An Exhibition from the Collection of Lawrence J. Schoenberg.” University of Pennsylvania Library.
REVIEW: On this site, you will find general information on books of hours which includes history, brief details (on several specific books), and enlargeable images with captions. It also has links to other sites.

“Books of Hours.” Eton College Library.
REVIEW: There is a small amount of description on this page and what there is mainly deals with books of hours in general. There is a small description of other books though, and there are links to other books as well. The site is dark, but easy to read. It could really use more images. It is better than some other sites.

“Brandeis University Libraries Special Collections Department: Book of Hours.” Brandeis University.
REVIEW: It says when it was last updated and it has links to other sites. It has images that are enlargeable, and a history and description of its book. It includes the time, area, and measurements of its book as well as a link to a description of it on another site. This other site has descriptions of other books as well as this one.

Golden, Judith. “University of Pittsburgh Frick Fine Arts Library Book of Hours.” University of Pittsburgh.
REVIEW: This site has detailed information on books of hours in general, and it has links to other sites for more information. It has images, but they do not come from a particular book being described on the page. It also has copyright information, contact information, and a bibliography. This is a great website to use for finding more detailed details covering general information about books of hours. It is not in the traditional neutral colors of most book of hours sites, so it is more fun to look at than others. I would suggest this site.

Hurlbut, Jesse D. “Spalding University Book of Hours.” Spalding University.

-----. “University of Kentucky Special Collections Kentuckiensis III.” University of Kentucky. http://www.byu.edu/~hurlbut/dscriptorium/ukentucky/ky3/ky3.html

“Les Tres Riches Heures Du Duc De Berry.” University of Chicago.
REVIEW: This site is divided into sections that are pretty self-explanatory: What is Les Tres Riches Heures?, Who painted Les Tres Riches Heures?, Who was the patron?, How did they paint Les Tres Riches Heures?, and What do the calendars represent? There are links to good images, but the site is mostly to the point of what it is supposed to say, and it does not have much about it aesthetically. It is an informative site.

“MS. Buchanan e. 3.” University of Oxford. http://www.bodley.ox.ac.uk/dept/scwmss/wmss/medieval/mss/buchanan/e/003.b.htm
REVIEW: This is a very good website with links to every part of its website at hand. It even has links to the different part of the individual page. These links prove very convenient. It is not a badly constructed site. It is very plain, but the plainness works well with it, and so, it is easy on the eyes and appears quite professional.
        It has an abundance of information. It is very clear that someone spent a great deal of time gathering information and putting it together. The Oxford site has copyright information and a great deal of image information. The image information includes the sources of the images, captions and sources of information for the captions, images size information, and image ordering information. The images themselves appear in one size and can be enlarged to small, medium, and large sizes from there.
        There is a wonderful descriptions page that includes text, decoration, provenance, and physical descriptions. The physical description includes material, dimensions, number of leaves, foliation, collation, ruling, script, rubrication, sec. fol., and binding. The page also includes a bibliography and links to other sites.
        This site would make an excellent reference for your own website, or just for gathering detailed information on a book of hours.

Salisbury, Cameron. “Books of Hours in the Wellesley College Library.” Wellesley College.

Sparks, Jeremy. “Mid 15th Century Book of Hours.” Willamette University.
REVIEW: This site allows you to view its book page by page. It is really only good for that, as it is part of a project to digitize works so that they do not have to be touched any more and so that they can be shared. This project is outlined very well on the site. You can also link to other sites through this page. The images are very nice, and it includes every page of the book. It is a book that could possibly be used in comparison to the R-MWC Book of Hours because its inner cover lining and its calendar are very similar to ours.

“The Agpeya: The Coptic Orthodox Book Of Hours.” The Christian Coptic Orthodox Church Of Egypt.

Winkler, Andrea L. “An Online Book of Hours.” Whitman College. http://people.whitman.edu/~winkleal/images/

Woodruff, Peter. “A Note on the Book of Hours of Catherine of Cleves.” University of Southern California.
REVIEW: This site has a very detailed history of its book. It is a book that had a wealthy patron which shows in the book itself. It has links to images with titles. I would recommend this site if you are looking for specific examples of books of hours rather than general information on them.

Library Sites

“27 Book of Hours.”  Koninklijke Bibliotheek.
REVIEW: This is an amazing website with many images that are enlargeable and great descriptions of not one, but several medieval books of hours and other illuminated manuscripts. It includes other works as well. It is very easy to navigate and has both general and specific information on the books, including the history of their evolution. It gives titles, patrons, artists, dates, places, mediums, and numbers of pages, among other information. It also includes productions processes like binding. This site is available in Dutch and English. I would highly recommend this page for any kind of research on books of hours.

“Bethune Book of Hours.” Hill Monastic Manuscript Library.

“John of Berry's Petites Heures, 14th Century. (BNF, LAT 18014).” The Bibliothèque Nationale de France.
REVIEW: This site has the name, place, time, and size of its book. It also has pictures of what seems to be every page of the book with titles that can be enlarged. It would mostly be good for comparing manuscript styles.

“Gl. kgl. S. 1612 4º - Book of Hours.” The Royal Library of Copenhagen.


“Book of Hours. Getty, The Collections.” J. Paul Getty Museum. http://www.getty.edu/ then search for "Book of Hours"
REVIEW: This site is not as plain in appearance as others. It has identification information and images that can be enlarged. One of my favorite parts of this site is the links attached to words that you would need to know when studying books of hours, or illuminated manuscripts in general. Other information that can be found at this site includes manuscript illumination, medieval calendars, and making manuscripts. The making manuscripts information section is in video format requiring Real Player to play them. This site is not very specific about its own book of hours, but it includes general information about books of hours. It also includes links to other sites.

“Book of Hours.” Webmuseum, Paris.

The Cloisters: The Metropolitan Museum. http://www.metmuseum.org/visit/met-cloisters then search for "Book of Hours"
REVIEW: There are a few common threads between the websites for books of hours that I have looked over. They all include some basic information such as the book’s name, author (when available), and time period. They also include a brief physical description and some photographs taken from the book of hours of that site. There are variations on the websites though, and some include more information than others. The website for the Metropolitan’s Cloisters’ book of hours is one of the sites that does not have very much extra information. The overall setup of the Cloisters web page for its book of hours, called The Hours of Jeanne d'Évreux, is good. It is colorful, using shades of green, unlike the many plain and simple off white sites that I have seen. It is also arranged clearly; it is not confusing to navigate. It is, in other words, and aesthetically pleasing and functional site. There are some pictures of pages (exactly four), but only one of them can be enlarged. It contains more than the minimal amount of information; why it was made, for whom, and whose hands it has passed through since, but it does not have much information beyond basic information.


Ahem, J.J. “Treasures of the APS.” American Philisophical Society.
REVIEW: This site has only a small amount of information, but makes its points very clear. It each paragraph, it gives general information about books of hours and then relates that information to the book that belongs to that site. It includes information on how the book came into the hands of the American Philosophical Association, what information can be found in books of hours, like coats of arms in the borders, about the calendar, and about the illustrations. There are only two images, of which only one can be enlarged, but their original size is large that they do not really need to be enlarged. The site itself is plain and easy to look at.

“Artz Hours.” Littlepeople.com. http://littlepeople.net/artzhours/index.html

Gunhouse, Glenn. “A Hypertext Book of Hours.”

“The Book of Hours.” SYBDS.
REVIEW: his site is very brief and includes only a small amount of technical information on its book. It has the approximate time and place of the making of the book, how many and what kinds of pages it includes, and some of the hands the book has passed through. There are a few pictures of the pages which can be enlarged, and one of the pages included is translated into English. It is not a page to go to if you need a great deal of information, but if you were trying to do a survey on books of hours, it would be helpful. It is also nice if you'd like to see a translation, even if it is only one, because I personally have yet to find that on another website.

Yamamoto-Wilson, John R. “Book of Hours: General Information.” Sophia University.


“Book of Hours.” Mackus Company. http://http://stores.mackusco.net/book-of-hours/
REVIEW: This site sells individual pages from books of hours. It includes a brief and basic description of each page and how much each page is sold for.

“Griffon’s Medieval Manuscripts: Affordable Renaissance Art For the Discriminating Individual.” 4 Griffon’s Medieval Manuscripts. http://www.griffons.com/ then search for "Book of Hours"
REVIEW:This site specializes in the sales of medieval manuscripts and sells individual pages from books of hours. It includes a brief and basic description of each page and how much each page is sold for.


Alexander, Jonathan J.G. A Survey of Manuscripts Illuminated in the British Isles. London: Harvey Miller, 1975.

Calkins, Robert G. Illuminated Books of the Middle Ages. New York: 1983.

Donovan, Claire. The de Brailes Hours: Shaping the Book of Hours in Thirteenth-Century Oxford. Toronto: U of Toronto P, 1991.

Dornhoffer, Friedr. Hortulus Animae. Le Jardinet de L’Ame. Joseph Baer & Francfort S.M., 1912.

Porcher, Jean. The Rohan Book of Hours. London: Faber and Faber, 1959.

Weick, Roger S. Painted Prayers: The Book of Hours in Medieval and Renaissance Art. New York: George Braziller, 1998.

The Time Sanctified: The Book of Hours in Medieval Art and Life. New York: George Braziller, 1988.


These pages are the work of the students enrolled in Art 238, "Art and Medieval Mentalities," taught by Professor Christine Hamza during the Spring Semester, 2003.

The format of this site was last updated:  October 2, 2017.