Skip to Main Content

Citation Resources: Chicago

Chicago Style

Chicago style offers two variations. Researchers in the humanities typically use a notes-and-bibliography system, while researchers in sciences and social sciences typically use an author-date system. This page provides examples of in-text citations and bibliography citations for the notes-and-bibliography style commonly used in the humanities.

Chicago Resources

Basic Format

In the notes-and-bibliography system used in the humanities, citations within the text will be noted with a footnote, as pictured below, and a bibliography lists all of the references cited.


             Examples of footnote citations

Examples by Source Type


Mantel, Hilary. Wolf Hall. 1st U.S. ed. New York: Henry Holt and Co, 2009.

Journal Articles

Tobyn, Graeme. “‘Herbaries’ and Apothecaries: The Identification of William Turner’s Herbalists in Tudor and Stuart England.” Vesalius: Acta Internationales Historiae Medicinae 24, no. 1 (June 2018): 67–75.